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Group depreciation

Posted on July 18th, 2013 by Sanjit Anand ||Email This Post Email This Post

Organizations such as utility companies or other entities that support a communal infrastructure—such as federal, state, or municipal public utilities, highways, and roads—or other infrastructure that owns, leases, or uses depreciable assets required special way to record and report additional depreciation.

Therefore, Group depreciation is the practice of assembling several similar fixed assets into a single group, which is used in aggregate as the cost base for depreciation calculations. Assets should only be assembled into a group if they share similar characteristics and have approximately the same useful lives. Examples of group depreciation are “group of desks” and “group of trucks” that are treated as single assets.

The group depreciation feature enables you to set up logical groupings of assets based on regulatory requirements and your own business needs.

These logical groupings of assets are referred to as group assets. Group depreciation also handles complex transactions for group assets and their member assets.

In many countries, local property tax regulations require companies to depreciate assets in a composite or aggregate form (in a group). The group depreciation functionality addresses the requirements of depreciating assets in groups.Depreciation is computed and stored at the group level, and is known as group depreciation.

Group Depreciation supports many of the composite or aggregate depreciation requirements imposed by the following global regulatory requirements:

  • United States Telecomm (FCC) and Utility (FERC) compliance reporting
  • United Kingdom Writing Down Allowance (WDA) compliance reporting
  • Canada Capital Cost Allowance (CCA) compliance reporting
  • Japanese group asset inancial and compliance reporting
  • Indian group asset management and compliance reporting


Group depreciation is generally used when the acquired assets are similar, such as 10 computers.

Say that your firm purchased 10 computers and each one cost $2,500, has a residual value of $250 and an estimated life of 5 years (i.e., the computers will be depreciated
over 5 years). Depreciation for the group of 10 computers is calculated as follows:

  • Cost $25,000
  • Residual Value 2,500
  • Amt. to be depreciated $22,500

$22,500 (amount to be depreciated) ÷ 5 (years) = $4,500 annual depreciation.

To calculate the depreciation rate, divide annual depreciation expense by total cost:

$4,500 annual depreciation ÷ 25,000 total cost = 18% annual depreciation rate

The adjusting entry for depreciation at year end would be:

Depreciation Expense (25,000 x 18%) 4,500
Accumulated Depreciation 4,500

No gain or loss is recorded when an individual asset in the group is retired. Instead, the account Group Computers is credited for the original cost, and Accumulated Depreciation is debited for the same amount less any salvage value. The same depreciation rate is used as long as the estimated life and residual value remain the same.

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FA Tax Book Implementation

Posted on May 28th, 2011 by Sanjit Anand ||Email This Post Email This Post

Tax book in FA is set up to track assets and depreciation as per you Tax laws.Basically there are two depreciation – depreciation for you accounting and financial reporting – This is based on the Corporate Book you set up and depreciation as per you tax laws – which is based on your tax book.

dgreybarrow Setup Configuration

The following setup processes are required for a Tax Book

tax book

  1. Define a Tax Book which is attached to a corporate book
  2. Define asset categories for those will be maintained in Tax Book
  3. Copy asset from Corporate Book to Tax Book for the first time. CIP Assets are not copied
  4. Copy asset from Corporate Book to Tax Book periodically

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What is Amortized Asset and Expensed-Off Assets Adjustment? Part -II

Posted on February 11th, 2011 by Sanjit Anand ||Email This Post Email This Post

In last post, you have seen what is difference between Amortized Adjustment & Amortized Adjustment , this post we will explore more on Oracle treatment for those two options.

Consider an asset (For e.g. a machine) who’s cost is $100 and has a life in years = 5. Now at the end of 3 yrs, you perform a life adjustment to increase the life of the asset to10 yrs. The table below shows how the accumulated depreciation amount and the calculation will differ for Expensed and Amortized adjustment.

Asset Cost :$100
Life in Years :5
Depreciation/Year :20
At the end of 3 yrs :60

dgreybarrow Expense Adjustment

An expensed adjustment recalculates accumulated depreciation as if the adjustment has been in effect since the asset has been added to service.

In an expense adjustment, accumulated depreciation is recalculated. For 5 yrs STL method, at the end of 3 years accumulated depreciation would be $60. For 10 yrs STL method, at the end of 3 years accumulated depreciation would be $30. When a life change is effected, the accumulated depreciation is adjusted to $30 (60-30) and then on annual depreciation of 10 gets accumulated till the asset gets fully depreciated.

dgreybarrowAmortized Adjustment

On the other hand an amortized adjustment spreads the change over the remaining period of life

So with the same example, if you instead AMORTIZED the change, the accumulated depreciation will still be $60 (that is, not reduced to $30), and annual depreciation of new depreciable amount (cost – accumulated depreciation – salvage value)/remaining asset life (assume salvage value = 0) = (100-60-0)/7 = $5.71 will be taken. The remaining life is taken to the new life in months (If life adjustment has been performed) multiplied by the Rate Adjustment Factor.

dgreybarrow Rate Adjustment Factor aka RAF

After an amortized adjustment, the depreciation amount is adjusted by a Rate Adjustment Factor which allocates amortized change over the remaining life.

Formula for the Rate Adjustment Factor is:

(New Recoverable Cost – Recalculated Depreciation Reserve)/New Recoverable Cost

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What is Amortized Asset and Expensed-Off Assets Adjustment?

Posted on February 11th, 2011 by Sanjit Anand ||Email This Post Email This Post

When you are changing financial information of any asset once its aquired in system then you will have two options under financial side.

  1. Effect of adjustment should have retrospective effect, ie, asset will be treated with new financial information as though it would have been, when asset is added or
  2. Effect of adjustment should have prospective effect,ie, the effect of adjustment will affect only future depreciation amounts.

If you choose option 1,it is called EXPENSED ADJUSTMENTS. For expensed adjustments, Oracle Assets recalculates depreciation using the new information and expenses the entire adjustment amount in the current period. Any excess or deficit of depreciation on account of change in financial information will be charged in the current period.

If you choose option 2,it is called AMORTIZED ADJUSTMENTS. For amortized adjustments, Oracle FA spreads the adjustment amount over the remaining life or remaining capacity of the asset. For flat-rate methods, Oracle Assets starts depreciating the asset using the new information. You can set up your amortized adjustments to have a retroactive start date by changing the default amortization start date (usually the system date) to a date in a previous period. Any adjustment amount missed since the amortization start date is taken in the current period. If you amortize an adjustment for an asset, you cannot expense any future adjustments for that asset in that book.

Amortize check box is available in scrren which you need to open via this navigation (N) Asset workbench>Books

Posted in Oracle Asset | 1 Comment »

Accounting entries for the Asset Life Cycle

Posted on December 12th, 2010 by Sanjit Anand ||Email This Post Email This Post

Finally am able to put the detailed accounting entries for the Asset Cycle. As highlighted in one of the post Oracle Assets creates journal entries for the following general ledger accounts:

  1. Asset Cost
  2. Asset Clearing
  3. Depreciation Expense
  4. Accumulated Depreciation
  5. Revaluation Reserve
  6. Revaluation Amortization
  7. CIP Cost
  8. CIP Clearing
  9. Proceeds of Sale Gain, Loss, and Clearing
  10. Cost of Removal Gain, Loss, and Clearing
  11. Net Book Value Retired Gain and Loss
  12. Intercompany Payables
  13. Intercompany Receivables
  14. Deferred Accumulated Depreciation
  15. Deferred Depreciation Expense
  16. Depreciation Adjustment

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Depreciation Question

Posted on December 12th, 2010 by Sanjit Anand ||Email This Post Email This Post

Reader asked:

I am technical person and will you able tell where does depreciation really reflects in financial statement context.. we know it is a non cash item but , up to that extent profit gets reduced, so where does it really reflect in Balance sheet?

As mention is last post, various impact in financial impact would be:

  • P&L = Depreciation expense
  • Balance sheet = Accumulated depreciation
  • Cash Flow Statement = Adjusted in Operating Cash Flow as a non cash expense

Here is explanation in layman language :

  1. It’s first recorded on Balance Sheet as a fixed asset when cash paid or liability incurred for payment.
  2. Then your cost center is responsible for a recurring charge (depreciation), similar to a lease payment for the use of the fixed asset (office furniture, leasehold costs, PC equipments, phone system, etc.) over time until fully paid (depreciated).
  3. Balance Sheet also keeps track of charges called accumulated depreciation until the recorded charges reduce the fixed asset to a zero book value. That’s when it’s fully recouped from cost centers.
  4. Your P&L account is charged with the recurring charges (depreciation) for book purposes (intercompany allocation) which in essence requires no cash transfer because it’s already paid/charged on fixed asset account.
  5. Your cost center is to reimburse for the use of the fixed assets over the estimated life or statutory tax period, and as a result reduces your cost center’s net profit.
  6. Cash flow wise doesn’t change because your cost center is one of many inside the same company’s cash account. It’s simply paying one hand to the other, so your cost center’s profit gets debited on paper for depreciation, and it’s a non-cash transfer – simply a journal entry the accountants keep track monthly, quarterly, semi-annually or annually.

In another word an accrual based accounting system, depreciation expense matches the cost of the asset with the revenues generated by it over it’s useful life to get a better picture of true profit (or loss) in a specific period. If you were to expense the asset at the time of purchase (cash based) you would have artificially low profit in the period the asset was purchased and artificially high. On the Balance Sheet, Accumulated depreciation reduces the value of the asset to reflect the expensed portion moreover the the cash flow statement will give you the picture of cash movement in a specific period.

Hope this helps to understand. Wait for next post for accounting details for asset life cycle :)

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Detail of Fixed Asset Accounting

Posted on December 11th, 2010 by Sanjit Anand ||Email This Post Email This Post

Fixed asset accounting is a most important part of a any company’s financial accounting and reporting system because fixed, or long-term, assets generally represent substantial investments. A company’s top management usually asks department heads and finance managers to establish fixed asset accounting procedures that conform to accounting principles, industry standards and governmental directives.

Fixed Asset accounting involves the following main aspects:

  1. Acquisition of a Fixed Asset: You need to consider the capitalization of incidental costs, treatment of assets acquired in foreign exchange, treatment for leased assets, etc.
  2. Depreciation: There may be separate rates of depreciation for Company Law and Income Tax purposes etc etc
  3. Retirement of Assets: You need to consider the treatment of profit/ loss on sale of asset, writing back the accumulated depreciation pertaining to the asset sold, etc.
  4. Other than these you have other aspects too:
    1. Tracking
    2. The Inventory Process
    3. Financial Reporting : Two accounts is mostly important in BS and P & L context, which is as discussed below.

dgreybarrow Depreciation accounts

  • Balance sheet accounts: the net value of the asset (carrying amount or book value of the asset) is preserved through two accounts:
    • Gross (acquisition) cost
    • Accumulated depreciation
  • Income statement account
    • Depreciation expense of the current year
  • Balances and details of these accounts are used in supplementary disclosures in the notes to the accounts.

Next post you will see the greatest and latest accounting details for Oracle EBS 11i/R12 for different.

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Public API’s for FA Transactions

Posted on December 7th, 2010 by Sanjit Anand ||Email This Post Email This Post

So far Oracle FA is have all the good things except the lack on reporting.Oracle FA is now offer lot of public API’s that can be used to interfacing with third party or Oracle application other modules. Here are some of transaction’s API’s:

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Asset Reclass Programmatically

Posted on December 4th, 2010 by Sanjit Anand ||Email This Post Email This Post

Last article you have seen some insight functionlity for Fixed asset Reclass functionality and Business need.

Majority of time whenever there is merger/acquisitions or Instance consolidation exercise reclassification plays an important role specially when you as project team not allow any new category . Mapping all assets and aligning with Parent’s company existing Category is major challenge depending volume of assets. The more challenge come to IT when you did not find right fitment for Mass reclassification native screen to cater the requirement quickly thus Reclass via API’s Programmatically is good options indeed.

dgreybarrow API availability for Reclass

You can use Reclass API that uses the FA_RECLASS_PUB.DO_RECLASS procedure

You can achieve

  • This API can also be used to automatically reclassify assets in all the tax books that are associated with the corporate book where the reclassification originated.
  • You can automatically reclassify assets to all of the reporting books when MRC is enabled and without generating any rounding issues.

Let take a quick look the API details and Usage part.

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Reclassification of assets

Posted on November 28th, 2010 by Sanjit Anand ||Email This Post Email This Post

Though Reclassification of Financial assets is just a function in Oracle asset, but have larger impact in reporting side for disclosure requirement.

dgreybarrow Reclassification and mass reclassification

Reclassification of an asset is simply changing the category of an asset.

Mass Reclassification is a feature that allows you to reclassify a group of assets from one asset category to another based on flexible selection criteria. Your flexiable flexible selection criteria may be either inherit the depreciation rules of the new category or retain depreciation rules of the old asset category. Also you have an option for an option to choose to amortize or expense any depreciation adjustment resulting from the reclassification. sounds Good:)

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